Although planning a Visual Flight Rules VFR cross-country flight can seem like a daunting task, choosing destinations along the way is easy—for the most part. Much of the time, pilots choose to fly to the airports with the best restaurants and the best service.
There are some other things to consider, though. Under VFR, the weather must be clear enough for you to see air traffic around you. You may need to fly at least nautical miles in one stretch.Dedicated video memory 128mb means
Make sure the lesson objectives are being met, and then you can perhaps squeeze in some practice time during the flight.
You should also keep in mind the services offered at your destinations. Make sure fuel is available when you will need it. Choose a route that will allow you to fly at a safe optimum altitude for your aircraft while still allowing you to easily identify checkpoints on the ground.
VOR is a radio-based navigation system. And make use of the VFR routes that go in and out of busy airports—that's what they're there for. Choose checkpoints that are nautical miles apart and are easy to identify. Lakes, rivers, towns, and other airports are usually easy to spot. Over very flat land with less-than-ideal checkpoints, you might need to fly an indirect route to make sure you don't get lost. It's important to stay aware of your position at all times, so don't be afraid to plan a deviation from the straight-line path in order to find your way.
This is especially helpful if you need assistance translating weather codes or if you have any weather-related questions. You might also use the Leidos Pilot Web Portal at wxbrief. Finally, pilots can use one of a number of other widely available sources for weather information, so long as it can be considered reliable. You'll want to fly high enough to maintain the required clearance from terrain and obstacles, of course, but you'll want to consider aircraft performance and the ability to find checkpoints from the air as well.
The performance charts in the pilot operating handbook or pilot information manual for your aircraft can help you determine the altitude and cruise power setting to use to get the best range or best endurance. You'll need to calculate the speed, distance, and time for each leg of the flight, as well as the fuel consumption.
It's easiest to follow a navigation log form for this. You can do it by hand, with the help of a flight computer, or with an iPad application like ForeFlight, although your instructor may require you to be able to do all of the computations without any electronic assistance. Utilizing a navigation log can help you organize the data in a way that makes sense.
If you're unfamiliar with them, large airports can be challenging.
Taxi instructions can be lengthy, and you'll want to know what you're doing when you're surrounded by Boeing s and MDs. You'll want to make sure fuel and other services are available if and when you need them. And you'll probably need a restroom. If you're reliant on certain navigational instruments, ensure they are in working order. Make sure you are equipped with survival gear, appropriate clothing for the weather, flashlights, charts, and water.
And don't forget to charge your iPad. For most people, it takes a few hours to get everything prepared for a cross-country flight. Weather can change quickly and airports can close unexpectedly, so be sure to call the FSS for an abbreviated briefing.Are you ready to start your journey toward becoming a private pilot? Whether you're ready to begin your private pilot trainingor you're just wondering what kind of knowledge is required to obtain a private pilot certificateyou can start right here.
This is a list of books and reference material you'll need for your private pilot flight training. It's not an exhaustive list - there are other books that you'll also need, like the pilot operating handbook for your airplane, as well as charts and reference material specific to your own flight training.
But in general, the books on the list below are very commonly seen in private pilot ground school classes and many, many flight instructors will require you to purchase these for your private pilot training.
It is absolutely essential to be familiar with the regulations, and you'll be required to memorize many of the Federal Aviation Regulations, so this book is a must-have. Your instructor will typically give you a training outline or a syllabus of some sort. If not, you can use one of the many generic syllabi on the market. If your instructor hasn't mentioned it, be sure to ask how he or she intends to track your progress and evaluate how you are learning. Many instructors use the Jeppesen Private Pilot Syllabus, but there are others out there.
This one is a good one and can be adapted for either Part 61 or Part training. You'll need a weather book or two in order to learn the "codes" used in aviation weather.
This is a big book of questions and answers that will fully prepare you for the FAA knowledge exam. It's a must-have. Some of those knowledge exam questions are tricky.
Not to mention, if you don't take advantage of learning all of the test questions and answers when they're available to you, your instructor might question your IQ, anyway. The oral exam guide is also a big book of questions and answers, which will help prepare you for the FAA Oral Exam at the end of the course. Not to be confused with the knowledge exam, the oral exam is part of the check ride in which the examiner will ask you a lot of questions.
Some of them are simple, one-word answers, but most of them require some thought or explanation. This book offers a multitude of questions and answers commonly seen on the oral exam portion of the check ride.Guest post finance blog
Well worth the few dollars of investment. Without this book, you'll be in the dark about what exactly is required of you on the final check ride.In order to describe the navigation basics let us first define a few terms and explain some fundamentals. This concludes the Navigation Basics Page.
All Rights Reserved. Navigation Basics: Fundamental Concepts in Aeronautical Navigation In order to describe the navigation basics let us first define a few terms and explain some fundamentals. The Earth Geographic Poles For navigational purposes the shape of the earth is approximated by an ideal sphere.
The axis on which the earth rotates is called the geographic Polar Axis. If the earth was cut through the centre in the plane in which it rotates, then the hemisphere that accomodates the North Pole which, in common terms, equates to the surface of the "top half" of the sphere is referred to as the Northern Hemisphere.
Consequently the "bottom half" would be the Southern Hemisphere. The circle that forms along this cutting plane and the surface of the sphere is called the equator. In real terms the diameter of the earth along its axis is smaller than along its rotational plane. Figure: Terms and dimensions of the Earth. The earth rotates once around from West to East in 24 hours.
Looking down onto the North Pole, this rotation is therefore anti-clockwise. The circle that forms at the earth's surface in any plane that passes through the centre of the earth is called a Great Circle GC. On earth the geographic poles are two such points that take special significance in this respect. The resulting Great Circles are called Meridians of Longitude. The Great Circle that forms in the rotational plane, i. A Small Circle is any circle on the surface of a sphere that is not a Great Circle, i.
Parallels of Latitude other than the Equator are Small Circles. It is more convenient for a pilot, when using a Magnetic Compass or Direction Indicator, if it is possible for him to fly a constant Track direction. This can be achieved by following a Rhumb Line track, rather than a Great Circle track.
A Rhumb Line crosses all meridians of longitude at this same angle and will appear on the surface of the Earth as a curved line concave to the nearer pole. Despite the fact that it might look the shortest on a chart in some projections, a Rhumb Line track is not the shortest track from one point to the other on a sphere.
However, following such a track is rather inconvenient as the direction changes all the time. In practical terms, over long distances, a Great Circle track is approximated by a number of rumb line track segments. Figure: Great Circle crosses meridians Meridians of Longitude There are an infinite number of Great Circles passing through the poles and perpendicular to the equator.Ubitx kits
In order to reference longitude on the surface of the earth, Great Circles are defined by advancing from one to the next by one degree measured at the centre of the earthstarting from a basic reference. The basic reference for longitude has been defined as the Greenwich Meridian, also known as the Prime Meridian. It is also referred to as the Anti-Meridian of Greenwich.Podcast: Play in new window Download. With these 7 ways you can easily improve your flight training with X-Plane Even without virtual reality, the flight simulator can help you immensely in your training.
If you follow these steps, you are going to improve your flight training, will be a better pilot and will probably save some money in the process. Now, I am not going to tell you how to fly, as that is up to your flight instructor. I am merely going to guide you in the right direction to get you practicing the right way. For those that are listening to the podcast, I have included my resource links below.
Please note that they are affiliate links, which means I get a small commision if you purchase something after using my link. It just helps me to keep building great content. If you start on the runway, you are missing out on so many opportunities to improve your skills as a new pilot, or even an experienced pilot.
When I go to do a practice flight, I get my plane setup exactly where I would start in real life. My plane is sitting with the engine off waiting for me exactly where I left it on my last real world flight lesson.
The amazing thing about X-Plane 11 is that it has virtually every airport out there, including the little ones. Pick a the airport you fly from. Grab your checklist, go through it and hit every step, just like your real flight.
You can even go as far as doing your walk around your plane. This will really help cement in good habits. Do it the same way you were trained in your flight school. Now that you have started your plane and are going through your checklist, there is an important step that most people on flight sims will neglect… Your radio.
This can be done in several ways, such as using the built in traffic control for X-Plane 11 but my favourite way to do this is to make the calls to myself.Budgie play
If you verbalise the calls out loud, you will get comfortable with making calls. This can be a real stumbling block for a lot of people because you have to remember the structure for the call, the alpha, beta, charlie, and the awkward niner.
There is a lot to remember, and on top of this, if you are a student pilot, you are learning to fly. Once you start to practice the calls at home, you will feel more comfortable with the calls and you will be able to focus more on the flying.
We want our flights to be as realistic as possible. When I talk about being realistic, I am not talking about the stunning graphics in X-Plane No, I am talking about creating a flight that imitates a flying in real life.With our 14 day, total immersion, Private Pilot Training, you can be on your way to flying your own airplane in practically no time.
This course is a total immersion program. We cover all training material in two weeks. Accelerated flight training is the most demanding training you will ever undergo.
The Airlines and Military train this way for a reason…. Retention of accelerated training is far superior compared to training that is spread out over several months, and saves you money. You will train in a relaxed environment, and we will do everything possible to make your stay a positive and memorable experience. No prior flight experience required. This course includes the flight and ground instruction to meet the needs of an average student with good English language skills and ability.
Your personal skills and the weather are somewhat beyond our control. If you require more time to finish we will work with you until you achieve your goal and become a Certified Private Pilot at the normal daily training rate.
Upon completion of the program, you will be a Safe, Proficient and Confident Private Pilot, trained by one of the finest Senior Flight Instructors in the country. A private pilot may carry passengers but may not be paid for doing so, although the pilot can share operating expenses with the passengers. During the exam you will be asked to fill out an FAA application and medical history form.
The doctor will check your vision, hearing, balance, and nose and throat. The doctor will determine you do not have any mental or neurological problems such as alcoholism, epilepsy, psychosis, or a serious medical condition like chronic heart disease or diabetes mellitus. If you have a medical condition even a serious one ; it is still possible for you to get a license. However you need an AME to discuss your options example, you may have to always fly with another licensed pilot present.
The airman knowledge test examines you on the concepts and information you learned in your ground school training.
It is a computerized exam that is administer before you start flight training. You will have two and a half hours to complete the 60 multiple-choice questions selected from the plus airplane-related questions. Topics that you can be tested on, in the knowledge test, range from the current FARs to air traffic control information to cross-country flight planning.
This is a full, 3-day, all-day, intensive training program, with your personal flight instructor, to ensure you pass the FAA written exam and must be scheduled in advance to ensure availability. The balance is due ten days prior to the start of your program. Payments are not refundable but can be used for rescheduling within 6 months. We accept cash, checks, wire transfer, MasterCard and Visa. Price does not include the FAA Examiner fee. We recommend students purchase rental insurance, which is available at reasonable rates.
Flight training at our Van Nuys, California facility is taught by our Chief Flight instructor who has been an aviation professional for over 37 yearsMature and Friendly, Commercial, Instrument, Multi Engine, including CFI and CFII for fixed wing single and multi-engine aircraft and rotorcraft helicopter with over 14, total flight hours and over 9, hours dual given. Flight training at our Boulder Colorado facility is taught by our Chief Flight Instructor, an aviation professional for over 37 years.Peugeot bike catalogue 1987
Flight training at our St. George, Utah Facility is taught by our Chief Flight Instructor, an aviation professional for over 30 years. Flight Training at our Salt Lake City, Utah Location is taught by our Chief Flight Instructor an aviation professional for over 46 years with over 13, total flight hours, over 4, hours dual given, and over 12, hours as evaluator in type rated aircraft as well as most single and twin engine aircraft.
Teaching Primary, Instrument, and Commercial students. An aviation professional for over 30 years, Mature and friendly, Over 30 years of diverse experience in aviation.The latest version of Pivot, which is more stable, especially when dealing with large animation files.
They will load faster and using less memory. Several other minor issues have been fixed. The frame repeat value is now shown in the timeline thumbnails. See the readme. A few browsers and anti-virus software, such as Norton, may give warnings for Pivot. These are false alarms that can occur because some will flag anything that they don't recognise. The Pivot installer does include offers for other software, but they're all optional during installation and will not harm your computer.
Pivot and the installer are safe. The latest stable version of Pivot, which fixes a minor bug related to Copy and Paste causing an Integer Overflow error. The Romanian language has also been added. Toggle navigation.Private Pilot Tutorial 5: Flight Controls
Pivot makes it easy to create animations Build your own figures or objects and load your own backgrounds. Pivot makes it easy to create animations Position the figures using the red and orange handles.
Pivot makes it easy to create animations Bring your figures to life by creating a sequence of animation frames. Pivot makes it easy to create animations Share your animations by exporting them as animated Gifs or as videos to upload to YouTube. Pivot makes it easy to create animations With practice and patience the possibilities are limitless.
Pivot Animator 4.There are many types of navigation plotters. The most common used in VFR navigation is the sectional plotter, which typically will enable you to measure nautical miles and statute miles on both sectional charts and world aeronautical charts WAC.
Be forewarned; these sectional chart excerpts are not to scale. Measure Distance Line up the start of the nautical mile sectional scale with your departure airport and read the mileage to your destination airport. In this case the distance between Jamestown Airport and Cooperstown Airport is Determine True Course Using the lines of longitude on the sectional course as a reference to true north, determine the true course between the departure and destination airports.
Study the examples below using the fixed plotter or rotation plotter. Fixed Plotter Position the center hole grommet over a line of longitude and the drawn course line, and align the plotter with the course line. Look at the top of the compass arc and interpret the true course that is in the direction of flight. In this example, we are flying from Jamestown Airport to Cooperstown Airport, which is a northeasterly direction.
Rotate the compass until the north arrows are parallel to the lines of longitude on the sectional chart. Read the course on the compass that is aligned with the arrow on the plotter that is aligned with the drawn course line. Post to Cancel. Line up the start of the nautical mile sectional scale with your departure airport and read the mileage to your destination airport. Using the lines of longitude on the sectional course as a reference to true north, determine the true course between the departure and destination airports.
Fixed Plotter. Position the center hole grommet over a line of longitude and the drawn course line, and align the plotter with the course line. Rotating Plotter.